Dairy Consumption in Iran

The plans for establishment of first milk and dairy processing plant in Iran, namely Tehran Pasteurized Dairy Plant, were initiated in 1954, aiming to improve people health and nutrition as well as to develop farming industry, due to the letter of agreement signed and approved by the state of planning, Iranian Ministry of Dispensary, and the UNICEF for the United Nations Organization.

After execution of constructional affairs and purchase and installment of machinery and equipments, Tehran Pasteurized Milk Plant started to work officially in autumn 1957 with daily capacity of 45 tons. The government has tried in recent years to facilitate public access to milk and dairy products.

During 1996-2001, milk and dairy products accounted for 2.5 percent of every Iranian family's total expenditure. The per capita consumption of dairy products stood at 95 kg in 2003, about 10 kg more than in 2002, but based on the 4th Five-year National Development Plan (2004-2009), the government will aim at increasing total annual milk production to 12.5 million tonnes and per capita consumption of dairy products to 163 kg.

This policy will exert greater pressure on the commercial dairy cattle population of Iran. The government policy of increasing production of dairy products includes encouraging the private sector to invest in the establishment of milk-processing factories.

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